President XI Jinping delivered the report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and pointed out that“Development is the underpinning and the key for solving all our country’s problems; our development must be sound development. We must pursue with firmness of purpose the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, and open development that is for everyone”. Practice has proved that traditional knowledge (TK) is a critical resource of innovation and innovative actions need to be ruled by law for the sake of fairness and justice and the aim of sustainable development. The existing systems, IPRs, ICH and data base etc., cut both ways. Establishing specialized legal system to protect TK maybe is a helpful exploration.