Mankind Benefits from Nuclear Energy
Prof. Yingwei Wu, in the School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, is a State-level Young Talent, Outstanding Young Talent in Shaanxi Universities, Director of Shaanxi Engineering Research Center of Advanced Nuclear Energy, Deputy Secretary General of Nuclear Reactor Thermal-hydraulic Branch in Chinese Nuclear Society. He has been engaged in basic research in the field of nuclear reactor safety and nuclear fuel performance analysis. As a project leader, he has undertaken more than 30 projects, such as 1 National Key Research and Development Program, 2 National Science and Technology Major Projects, 1 International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project of the Ministry of Science and Technology and 2 projects of the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Research studies were rewarded by the National Technology Invention Award and the Ministry of Education Technology Invention Award. He has published more than 150 papers in reputable international and domestic magazines in nuclear engineering, including 86 Science Citation Index papers (in which he is the first author or the corresponding author of 42 papers). In addition, he has been authorized 42 national invention patents, 25 software copyrights and participated in the publication of 3 academic monographs.
Under the goal of emission peak and carbon neutrality, China's energy system will continue to accelerate its clean and low-carbon transformation. Nuclear energy has the advantages of no greenhouse gas emissions, low lifetime carbon emissions, high energy density, no intermittency and so on. Nuclear energy is the only realistic energy that can replace fossil fuels on a large scale. This report guides students to have a scientific understanding of nuclear energy and a rational view of nuclear safety from the brief history of nuclear energy development, principle and safety of nuclear energy utilization, current situation and development trend of nuclear energy utilization. We then finally briefly introduce the teaching and research on the topic nuclear energy in Xi'an Jiaotong University.
Lecture 2 Understanding of Fire: A beautiful spark to human civilization
Dr. Chenglong Tang is a Professor in the School of Energy and Power Engineering in Xi’an Jiaotong University. He joint Xi’an Jiaotong University in 2011 after he received his ph D degree in Power Engineering and Engineering Thermophysics in the same year. He has been working as a research collaborator in Princeton University from 2009 to 2011. His research interests include spray and mixture formation, combustion chemistry, new concept propulsion and reactive flows in internal-, aero-, and rocket- engines. His research has received three National Natural Science Foundation of China support, one of which is National Excellent Youth Foundation. Dr. Tang is now a member of Committee, Professional Association of Munitions Safety, Chinese Society of Astronautics. Member of Technical Committee, Chinese National Space Science and Technology Center. He has won the National Natural Science Award 2015(2nd class), and Natural Science MOE Natural Science Award (1st class). and the Shi Shaoxi Talents from the Chinese Association of IC Engine. Dr. Tang serves as a youth member of committee of Chinese Journal of Internal Combustion Engine Engineering, member of technique committee of the micro-gravity combustion office, Chinese Space Science and Application Center.
汤成龙，男，西安交通大学能源与动力工程学院教授，博士生导师。主要从事动力装置燃烧过程化学反应流基础研究，研究课题包括液滴动力学、喷雾液滴燃烧、燃烧化学反应动力学理论及模型构建、含能材料燃烧特性参数表征及安全性能评估、新型推进剂混合及点火起燃机理等。主持国家自然科学基金4项；国防科工局基础预研3项；省部级项目2项；在流体力学和燃烧领域期刊J Fluid Mech，Phys Fluids, Int J Multiphase Flow, Combust Flame等发表论文70余篇H 因子31。获国家自然科学二等奖（排4），中国内燃机学会“史绍熙人才奖”，“仲英青年学者”等奖励或荣誉，任职国际推进与动力学会年会燃烧专题主席，中国宇航学会弹药安全技术专业委员会委员，亚太燃烧会议技术评审委员会委员,空间科学与应用中心微重力燃烧科学专家组专家等。
Combustion, fire, and flame have been observed and speculated about from earliest times. Every civilization has had its own explanation for them. The Greeks interpreted combustion in terms of philosophical doctrines, one of which was that a certain “inflammable principle” was contained in all combustible bodies and this principle escaped when the body was burned to react with air. A generalization of the concept was provided by the phlogiston theory, formulated in the 17th century. Treated at first as a purely metaphysical quality, phlogiston was later conceived as a material substance having weight and, sometimes, negative weight. The inadequacy of the phlogiston theory became apparent only in the late 18th century, when it proved unable to explain a host of new facts about combustion that were being observed for the first time as the result of increasing accuracy in laboratory experiments. This report discusses the understanding and use of "fire" by mankind that is accompanied by the progress of human civilization and social development.